• Indigenous peoples in Tanzania

    Indigenous peoples in Tanzania

    Tanzania does not recognise the existence of indigenous peoples, even though Tanzania is home to 125-130 different ethnic groups.
  • Peoples

    125-130 ethnic groups, falling mainly into the four categories of Bantu, Cushite, Nilo-Hamite and San, live in Tanzania.
  • Current state

    2015: New government in Tanzania elected. A few months after indigenous peoples found themselves the victims of government actions.
    2016-17: Evictions of indigenous peoples in Kilosa, Mvomero and Morogoro Vijijini districts.
  • Rights

    There is no specific national policy or legislation on indigenous peoples.
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  • EU Parliament passes key resolution on land grabbing in Tanzania

EU Parliament passes key resolution on land grabbing in Tanzania

The EU Parliament passed a resolution strongly condemning the practice of land grabbing in Tanzania on Thursday (March 12). They released a press release stating that members of the Parliament (MEPs) strongly condemn the "illegal displacement of local rural communities, the destruction of their villages and traditional way of life, and the violation of their basic human rights.”

The resolution addresses key issues of concern for pastoralists and indigenous peoples in Tanzania – as well as elsewhere on the African continent. “We hope it can be used by local organizations in Tanzania in their advocacy work for recognition and protection of their fundamental human rights,” said Marianne Wiben Jensen, coordinator of IWGIA’s Africa programme.

Hope for Maasai pastoralists in Loliondo

IWGIA has closely followed the enduring land-rights struggle of the Maasai pastoralists in Loliondo, Tanzania, which have been subject to continued threats and evictions. Most recently, an operation carried out by the Serengeti National Park resulted in the destruction of more than 100 homesteads, confiscation of livestock, and alleged violence committed against the community. It is hoped that the resolution will help the Maasai residents in their decades-long battle to protect their land from foreign investors and other interests.

MEPs urged the Tanzanian government to immediately implement the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s (FAO) Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT). They also asked the European Commission to ensure the alignment of its land policy guidelines with the VGGT, and to report to Parliament on EU programme expenditures related to land governance, in order to ensure those programmes promote human rights.

Tags: Land rights

About IWGIA

IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

Contact IWGIA

Prinsessegade 29 B, 3rd floor
DK 1422 Copenhagen
Denmark
Phone: (+45) 53 73 28 30
E-mail: iwgia@iwgia.org
CVR: 81294410

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