Following Israel’s declaration of independence in 1948, the Jahalin Bedouin, together with four other tribes from the Negev Desert (al-Kaabneh, al-Azazmeh, al-Ramadin and al-Rshaida), took refuge in the West Bank, then under Jordanian rule. These tribes are semi-nomadic agro-pastoralists living in the rural areas around Hebron, Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Jericho and the Jordan Valley.
Indigenous Peoples in Palestine
The indigenous peoples of Palestine are the Bedouin Jahalin, al-Kaabneh, al-Azazmeh, al-Ramadin and al-Rshaida. Israel refrained from voting for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and indigenous peoples in Palestine live in a constant state of fear, caused by the demolition and confiscation of their property, as well as the restriction of their rights of circulation.
Jahalin, al-Kaabneh, al-Azazmeh, al-Ramadin and the Bedouin al-Rshaida
After the declaration of independence of Israel in 1948, the Bedouin Jahali, al-Kaabneh, al-Azazmeh, al-Ramadin and al-Rshaida of the Negev desert took refuge in the West Bank. These tribes are semi-nomadic nomadic shepherds who live in rural areas around Hebron, Bethlehem, Jerusalem, Jericho and the Jordan Valley.
The situation of the indigenous Palestinian Bedouins, approximately 27,000 pastors of pastors living under complete Israeli military control, is currently a major humanitarian problem. The 7,000 Bedouins living in 46 small communities on the outskirts of Jerusalem are at greater risk.
The issue is more complex when it comes to the indigenous status of refugee Bedouins living in the occupied Palestinian territory, where some Bedouins own land. They have no rights, but may have access to greater protection under emerging laws and academic studies on indigenous rights.
Main challenges for the indigenous peoples of Palestine
Bedouins live in an environment that is being eroded and increasingly impoverished and vulnerable. His future is bleak and his tragic situation. There are no known Israeli plans for forced displacement that promote their free, prior and informed consent, nor are the plans designed to maintain the tradition of sustainability, independence or cultural integrity of the Bedouin.
The majority of Area C Bedouins in the OPT have minimal access to education, and currently, at least 56 schools in this area have orders pending demolition or detention. Since September 2017, 3 schools were demolished or their teams confiscated from 132 children.