• Indigenous peoples in Israel

    Indigenous peoples in Israel

    Bedouins are the indigenous people of Israel. Their indigenous status is not officially recognised by the State of Israel and the Bedouins are politically, socially, economically and culturally marginalised from the rest of the Israeli population, especially challenged in terms of forced displacement.
  • Peoples

    150,000 Bedouins live in seven townships and 11 villages that have been “recognized” over the last decade
  • Rights

    2007: Israel was absent in the vote on the UN Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • Conditions

    75,000 Bedouins live in 35 “unrecognized villages”, which lack basic services and infrastructure
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  • Israel: Indigenous Arab Bedouins face imminent eviction

Israel: Indigenous Arab Bedouins face imminent eviction

Last week, the Israel Land Authority (ILA) announced its plans of demolition of the Arab Bedouin village of Atir-Umm al-Hiran. ILA explained that the demolition will take place in order to build a Jewish town and at the same time expand the Yatir Forest. This policy will entail evicting around 1,000 indigenous Arab Bedouin residents.

In January 2016, the Israeli Supreme Court issued its final decision in the case of Atir-Umm al-Hiran, rejecting an extraordinary motion for a second hearing on the case, which requested that the Court reconsider its decision to approve the state's plan to evict the Bedouins. This ruling effectively meant that the eviction and demolition procedures in the village could proceed and its inhabitants be moved to the Bedouin township Hura.

A historic denial of basic human rights

This will be the fourth resettlement of this Bedouin community since it was dispossessed of its traditional lands in 1949. After having been relocated twice by the government, the Bedouins were finally settled in Atir-Umm al-Hiran, where they have lived for almost 60 years.

The Bedouins are citizens of Israel and besides being denied their rights to land and to a secure environment, they have also been denied other basic human rights, including access to water and sanitation, health and education. 

Moving to Hura - one of the ten villages that have received recognition over the last decade- will not improve their living conditions. They will no longer be able to pursue their traditional farming way of life, the villages offer few if any local employment opportunities, and suffer from overcrowding  and inadequate infrastructure.

 

Tags: Land rights, Urgent alerts

About IWGIA

IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

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