• Indigenous peoples in Bangladesh

    Indigenous peoples in Bangladesh

    Bangladesh is home to more than 54 indigenous peoples speaking more than 35 languages. Bangladesh has not adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the economic and political rights of the country's indigenous peoples remain ignored.
  • Peoples

    54 indigenous peoples speaking 35 languages live in Bangladesh.
  • Rights

    The land rights of indigenous peoples in Bangladesh continue to be one of the alarming issues and a key factor of gross human rights violations in the country.
  • Current state

    53 of cases of human rights violations against indigenous women were reported in Bangladesh in 2016. Many cases are never reported.
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  • Statement for the Human Rights Council concerning violence against women in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Statement for the Human Rights Council concerning violence against women in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

In the statement it is pointed out that Jumma girls and women have been targets of sexual violence since the late 1970s. A report of the Chittagong Hill Tracts Commission (CHTC) from 1991 documents that in 1983, a secret memorandum was circulated to all army officers in the CHT encouraging them to marry indigenous women.

It was an ethnicity and gender directed document that institutionalized sexual targeting of Jumma women as was evident from the increased incidents of rapes, sexual attacks and also marriages occurring after abduction or applying force. The CHTC report concluded that ‘[r]ape is used systematically as a weapon against women in the CHT.’ Similarly, CHT’s Hill Women’s Federation recorded in its 1995 Beijing women’s conference leaflet that ‘[o]ver 94% of all alleged cases of rape of Jumma women during 1991-1993 in the CHT were by “security forces.” Of these rape allegations, over 40% of the victims were children.’ The statement concludes with a number of recommendations for the Government of Bangladesh and reiterating recommendations made by United Nations Permanent Forum regarding the situation in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

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About IWGIA

IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

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