• Indigenous peoples in Peru

    Indigenous peoples in Peru

    There are 4 million indigenous peoples in Peru, who are comprised by some 55 groups speaking 47 languages. In 2007, Peru voted in favour of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Peoples

    4 million of Peru’s 28.2 million inhabitants are indigenous peoples
    55 different indigenous groups speaking 47 indigenous and native languages constitute Peru’s indigenous peoples
  • Land rights

    21 per cent of the national territory is covered by mining concessions overlapping with 47.8 per cent of the territory of peasant communities
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  • Peru: A Year and a Half after the Bagua Massacre: the Strategy of “the Leopard”

Peru: A Year and a Half after the Bagua Massacre: the Strategy of “the Leopard”

Bagua shocked the nation with its tragic and needless death toll that resulted from the disproportionate and poor handling of a military operation, for which no one has assumed responsibility, and because the government of Alan García attempted to surreptitiously ignore the constitutional rights of the peoples indigenous to the Amazon region in favor of big private interests.

After the events, the outrage of the citizens was proportional to the magnitude of the shock. The reaction of various bodies in charge of overseeing compliance with international human rights treaties, of which Peru is a signatory, was also immediate, and the country was subject to very serious criticism. It was hoped that the government would mend its ways. That seemed to be the case when four roundtables were created with the objective of implementing the proposals that arose therefrom. Nevertheless, a year and a half later, it has become evident that "if we want things to stay as they are, things will have to change” the strategy of the leopard.



IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. Read The Indigenous World.

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