• Indigenous peoples in Ecuador

    Indigenous peoples in Ecuador

    Ecuador’s indigenous population numbers some 1.1 million peoples composed by 14 indigenous nationalities. Ecuador voted in favour of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and has ratified ILO Convention 169.
  • Peoples

    1.1 million peoples in Ecuador are indigenous peoples.
  • Geography

    24.1 per cent of the country's indigenous population live in the Amazon
  • Organisations

    14 indigenous nationalities grouped into local, regional, and national organisations can be found in Ecuador
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  • Ecuador: Indigenous protesters march agianst mining

Ecuador: Indigenous protesters march agianst mining

Several hundred protesters set off from an Amazon province where a Chinese company has been authorised to develop a huge open-cast copper mine. Ecuador's main indigenous organisation, Conaie, says mining will contaminate water and force people off their land. President Rafael Correa says it will help fund much-needed development. He has accused Conaie of trying to destabilise the country. Thousands of his supporters joined a rival demonstration in the capital, Quito.

The indigenous protest march has support from some opposition parties as well as student and teachers' organisations. Under the slogan "For Life and Dignity of the Peoples" the demonstrators set off from the town of El Pangui in Ecuador's Amazon rainforest region. Some carried banners reading "Chinese companies get out of Ecuador". The marchers hope more people will join their protest along the 700km (435 mile) route to Quito in the Andean highlands. 'New era' Earlier this week the Ecuadorean government signed an agreement with Chinese mining company Ecuacorriente to invest $1.4 billion (£900m) in a copper mining project near El Pangui. President Correa has hailed the agreement as marking the start of a "new era" in Ecuador. He says royalties and taxes from the mine and similar projects will fund roads, schools and hospitals. He also says local people will benefit from a generous share of the revenues. But Conai - the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador - says mining will damage the environment and displace entire communities. It also says indigenous rights to be consulted about development on their ancestral territories are not being respected. Ecuador's indigenous movement played a leading role in the overthrow of two previous presidents in 1997 and 2000. Conaie supported Mr Correa's rise to power in 2007, but has since fallen out with him over his development plans. Mr Correa sees foreign investment in mining as vital to the future of Ecuador's economy, which depends on oil exports.

Tags: Land rights, Climate action

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IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

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