• 476 millones de personas son indígenas

    476 millones de personas son indígenas

    Más de 476 millones de indígenas viven en 90 países alrededor del mundo. Puedes leer más sobre su situación en nuestro informe global "El Mundo Indígena".

Vietnam

Vietnam is considered a multi-ethnic country with 54 recognized ethnic groups, of which 53 are ethnic minority groups. Although the country voted in favor of UNDRIP, it does not recognize ethnic minorities as indigenous peoples and has not ratified ILO Convention 169.

There is no specific law on ethnic minorities, but an agency at the ministerial level, the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs, is in charge of the affairs of ethnic minorities. The government of Vietnam has ratified CERD, CEDAW and CRC.

Indigenous peoples in Vietnam

Indigenous peoples in Vietnam account for about 13.4 million people, or 14.6% of the national population (95 million). Vietnam has 54 recognized ethnic groups, 53 of which are minority ethnic groups, and is therefore considered a multi-ethnic country. The Government of Vietnam does not apply the term "indigenous peoples" to any of these minority ethnic groups. The term "ethnic minorities" is used instead.

Poverty is still high among ethnic minorities. In 2015, the poverty rate registered for ethnic minorities was 23.1%, while the national poverty rate was 7%.

All ethnic minorities have Vietnamese citizenship, and the Vietnam Constitution guarantees that all people have the same rights. Ethnic minority groups have their own culture and different traditions.

Main challenges for the indigenous peoples of Vietnam
One of the challenges for indigenous peoples in Vietnam is land tenure and the allocation of forest land to communities. Policies, laws and regulations related to land and forest tenure vary according to the different provinces of Vietnam.

This creates a situation of uncertainty and insecurity for many MS, as well as an unequal distribution of land. For example, in 2015, only 26% of the total area of forest land was allocated to households and 2% of that land was allocated to communities for management. However, some communities complained that the quality of the forests allocated to households and communities was low, with no plant cover and difficult to generate income from these forest lands.

Possible progress for the indigenous peoples of Vietnam

UN-REDD is the first program in Vietnam to promote the participation of ethnic minorities (MS) at all levels of the country. It was held in Vietnam with the technical support of UNEP, FAO and UNDP since 2009.

Members of the MS Network, with the support of the Center for Sustainable Development in Mountain Areas (CSDM), have been organized and strengthened to participate in developing, implementing and monitoring the REDD + processes in these six pilot provinces. One of the important elements of the activities related to REDD was the pilot test of FPIC (free, prior and informed consent) in the six provinces of UNREDD.

Recently there has been a step towards equality in access to land, although results are still expected. This Land Law on Marriege and Family requires, for married couples, to register both names for a jointly owned plot, unless both decide to register only one name.

No hay artículos en esta categoría. Si se muestran las subcategorías en esta página, puede que tengan artículos.
Angola

Angola

Aotearoa/Nueva Zelanda

Aotearoa/Nueva Zelanda

Argelia

Argelia

Argentina

Argentina

Australia

Australia

Botsuana

Botsuana

Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Brasil

Brasil

Bolivia

Bolivia

Burundi

Burundi

Camboya

Camboya

Camerún

Camerún

Canadá

Canadá

Chad

Chad

Chile

Chile

China

China

Colombia

Colombia

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Ecuador

Ecuador

Eritrea

Eritrea

Estados Unidos

Estados Unidos

Etiopía

Etiopía

Filipinas

Filipinas

Gabón

Gabón

Groenlandia

Groenlandia

Guatemala

Guatemala

Guyana Francesa

Guyana Francesa

Guyana

Guyana

India

India

Indonesia

Indonesia

Israel

Israel

Japón

Japón

Kanaky/Nueva Caledonia

Kanaky/Nueva Caledonia

Kenia

Kenia

Laos

Laos

Libia

Libia

Malí

Malí

Malasia

Malasia

Marruecos

Marruecos

México

México

Myanmar

Myanmar

Nepal

Nepal

Namibia

Namibia

Nicaragua

Nicaragua

Niger

Niger

Palestina

Palestina

Panamá

Panamá

Papúa Neuva Guinea

Papúa Neuva Guinea

Paraguay

Paraguay

Perú

Perú

Polinesia Francesa

Polinesia Francesa

Rep. Democrática del Congo

Rep. Democrática del Congo

República del Congo

República del Congo

República Centroafricana

República Centroafricana

Ruanda

Ruanda

Rusia

Rusia

Sápmi

Sápmi

Sudáfrica

Sudáfrica

Surinam

Surinam

Tailandia

Tailandia

Taiwán

Taiwán

Tanzania

Tanzania

Túnez

Túnez

Uganda

Uganda

Venezuela

Venezuela

Vietnam

Vietnam

Zimbabue

Zimbabue

Parte II: Procesos e iniciativas internacionales.

Parte II: Procesos e iniciativas internacionales.

Sobre nosotros

El Grupo Internacional de Trabajo sobre Asuntos Indígenas (IWGIA) es una organización global de derechos humanos dedicada a promover, proteger y defender los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. Conócenos

 

 

Mundo Indígena

Nuestro anuario, El Mundo Indígena, ofrece un informe actualizado de la situación de los pueblos indígenas en todo el mundo. Descargar El Mundo Indígena 2020

Contáctanos

Prinsessegade 29 B, 3er piso
DK 1422 Copenhague
Dinamarca
Teléfono: (+45) 53 73 28 30
Mail: iwgia@iwgia.org
CVR: 81294410

¡Atención! Este sitio usa cookies y tecnologías similares.

Si no cambia la configuración de su navegador, usted acepta su uso. Saber más

Acepto