Briefing Paper: Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change Adaptation in Asia
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This briefing paper draws on Indigenous Peoples’ issues and concerns relating to climate change adaptation. It analyses two cases: the adaptation practices among the Tangkhul Naga Community in the North Eastern Region of India and the traditional adaptation practices of Pidlisan-Kankanaeys of Sagada,Mountain Province and Ikalahan-Kalanguya of Caraballo Mountains,Cagayan Valley of the Philippines.
The baseline of the paper is that indigenous peoples should not be looked upon as just ‘vulnerable people’ to climate change but also that they carry along a huge knowledge about nature based on an intimate relationship with their environment. Indigenous knowledge is unique to a given culture and environment as they are acquired through generations of empirical experiences to ameliorate the anticipated adverse consequences associated with climate change and from other impacts or consequences related to environmental stresses. These rich knowledge systems and practices can be tapped to provide solution to many mitigation and adaptation measures to climate change. Many indigenous peoples are taking their own initiatives in coping with climate change in the form of identifying the changes that are occurring in climatic patterns and the ensuing challenges.