Indigenous peoples in Tuvalu
Tuvalu voted to separate from the Gilbert Islands in 1974. On 1 October 1978, the island nation became independent. Tuvalu became a member of the United Nations in 2000.The four reef islands and five atolls, consisting of a mere 26 sq. kilometres, is one of the most densely populated independent states in the UN and also the second smallest in terms of population, with 11,000 citizens. No point on Tuvalu is more than 4.5 metres above sea level.
Tuvalu is a constitutional monarchy. The parliament (Te Fale o Palamene) consists of 15 members that are popularly elected every four years from eight constituencies. There are no formal political parties.
Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. One of the main sources of revenue is the sale of its domain name “TV” for commercial use.
Tuvalu is a party to and has ratified two international human rights treaties – the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).