• Indigenous peoples in Botswana

    Indigenous peoples in Botswana

    The San, the Balala, the Nama, and their sub-groups are the indigenous peoples of Botswana. Although Botswana has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the country's indigenous peoples are not recognised by the government. The indigenous peoples are among the most underprivileged in Botswana.
  • Peoples

    3.3 per cent of the population identifies as belonging to indigenous groups, but are not recognised 64,000 belong to the San peoples, while 1,750 belong to the Balala peoples, and 2,200 to the Nama peoples
  • Rights

    2007: Botswana adopts the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • Current state

    Although Botswana has adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the country's indigenous peoples are not recognised by the government. Also, they are among the most underprivileged peoples in Botswana.

International Conventions

The Republic of Botswana is a member of the United Nations Organisation (UN), the British Commonwealth, the African Union (AU), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Below are listed a number of relevant international and regional covenants, conventions, agreements etc. The ones Botswana is party of are marked with a star.

  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) *
  • Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) *
  • Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) *
  • The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the African Child (ACRWC) *
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) *
  • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment *
  • Convention on Biological Diversity *
  • Cartagena Protocol on Bio Safety *
  • African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights *
  • The OAU (Organisation for Africa Unity) Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa (CGSARPA) *
  • International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
  • ILO Convention 169 on Indigenous Peoples
  • Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights relating to the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights
  • Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights relating to the Rights of Women in Africa.

About IWGIA

IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - is a global human rights organisation dedicated to promoting, protecting and defending indigenous peoples’ rights. Read more.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's global report, the Indigenous World, provides an update of the current situation for indigenous peoples worldwide. The Indigenous World 2019.

Contact IWGIA

Prinsessegade 29 B, 3rd floor
DK 1422 Copenhagen
Denmark
Phone: (+45) 53 73 28 30
E-mail: iwgia@iwgia.org
CVR: 81294410

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