• Hjem
  • Land rights - IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs

What is happening to the land of the Mro people?

The hills around Chimbuk are steep. They are part of the ancestral lands that stretch across the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) in Bangladesh, which are, and have been, home to the Indigenous Mro community for centuries. But


El dilema colonial de Brasil: minería del oro y deforestación en la Amazonía


El avance sobre las tierras indígenas ha crecido durante el gobierno de Jair Bolsonaro y pone en riesgo la cultura, la economía y las formas de vida de las comunidades. En el Congreso existen numerosos proyectos de ley que afectan la ocupación


The cost of ignoring human rights and Indigenous Peoples

Photo: Windmills at the Lake Turkana Wind Power project site. Credit: J M Ole Kaunga / IMPACT

In a historic judgment by the Kenyan Environment and Land Court in Meru the title deeds of the land on which the Lake Turkana Wind Project (LTWP) sit have been declared “irregular and unlawful”. The case which began in October 2014 and finally ended on 19 October 2021 found that the title deeds


Russia’s Indigenous Peoples call for international support to save the Arctic

Shifting to electric vehicles (EV) is seen as an important step towards a greener future. However, the process ofextracting nickel, a crucial component of EV batteries, very often is not environmental-friendly. The world’s largest producer of nickel, Nornickel, has been destroying


Criminalization of Pathalgari Movement

By Gladson Dungdung

Thousands of Adivasis involved in the “Pathalgari Movement” were criminalized for fighting for their collective rights to self-determination and protection of their lands, territories, and natural resources in Jharkhand State of


The Ayoreo: the last isolated people outside the Amazon


Close to 150 members of the Ayoreo people in voluntary isolation survive in the Chaco region in the border between Bolivia and Paraguay. Among the signs that evidence their


Venezuela: isolated indigenous people, illegal groups, and Covid-19


The Jödi, the Yanomami and the Uwottüja living in voluntary isolation are threatened by the invasions that result from extractive activities and by the presence of illegal groups in the area: to the environmental impact we should add the sociocultural


Indigenous communities in Kenya self-organise to claim land rights

In 2020, Indigenous communities in Samburu County, northern Kenya, paved the way for implementing the Community Land Act of 2016. This is a way of securing their collective community land rights while at the same time strengthening the role of women in land governance.

Indigenous Peoples stand up to oil companies in Peru

In 2020, the Government of Peru allocated 260 million Peruvian Soles (PEN) (approximately USD 72 million) of public funds to remediate tropical forest sites damaged by oil exploitation on Indigenous territory in the Pastaza, Corrientes, Tigre and Marañon river basins. With this, the government


The Indigenous World 2021

This compilation is the unique result of a collaborative effort between Indigenous and non-indigenous activists and scholars who voluntarily document and report on the situation of Indigenous Peoples’ rights. We thank them and celebrate the bonds and sense of community that result from the


Training Manual on Business and Human Rights

Since the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights were promulgated, there have been growing concerns over human rights in business. Indigenous Peoples form the highest proportion of victims of such business activities.

Indigenous Peoples and land rights in Myanmar

Community, part of the Karen people. Photo: Alejandro Parellada 

After resisting the policy of forced assimilation enforced during the decades of military rule, today Indigenous peoples of Myanmar are subjected to land dispossession in the name of


Indigenous Peoples and land rights in Myanmar

Community, part of the Karen people. Photo: Alejandro Parellada 

After resisting the policy of forced assimilation enforced during the decades of military rule, today Indigenous peoples of Myanmar are subjected to land dispossession in the name of


Indigenous Activism in Russia: What's next?

Image of the Kazas community of the Indigenous Shor people in Kemerovo Oblast, which was displaced by the expansion of coal mines. Photo: Nelli Slupachik

Indigenous Activism in Russia: What's next?

Image of the Kazas community of the Indigenous Shor people in Kemerovo Oblast, which was displaced by the expansion of coal mines. Photo: Nelli Slupachik

Land Rights of Indigenous and Marginalised Communities in Namibia Explored in New Book

"Neither here nor there", published by the Legal Assistance Centre (LAC) in 2020, highlights aspects of land rights issues in Namibia and addresses the national land programmes, giving special attention to Namibia’s Indigenous and marginalised communities.

Territorial management in indigenous matrifocal societies

Over the centuries, Indigenous Peoples have developed ingenious and dynamic ways of managing their constantly evolving territories while avoiding the depletion of natural resources. Some Indigenous lifestyles have faced various challenges and have led to a less sustainable management of their


Violence, corruption, and false promises: Conservation and the Baka in Cameroon

Spending time with the Baka, as we have both done over several years, is a humbling experience. This group of over 40,000 spread between the forests of Cameroon, the Republic of Congo and Gabon, practice hunting and foraging as a traditional livelihood. Through their long history in the Congo


The Indigenous World 2020

The compilation is the unique result of a collaborative effort between Indigenous and non-indigenous activists and scholars who voluntarily document and report on the situation of Indigenous Peoples’ rights. We thank them and celebrate the bonds and sense of community that result from the close


Indigenous Peoples of Bangladesh – alive, struggling, fighting and uniting

The situation for Indigenous Peoples in Bangladesh in many ways echoes the situation of other Indigenous Peoples in Asia: they face heavy militarization; they are stigmatized as anti-national for wanting to be included in decisions affecting their lives – such as industrial development taking


Impact of renewable energy projects on Indigenous communities in Kenya

The transition from the use of traditional energy sources to renewable energy solutions is rapidly becoming a necessity if humanity is to address the climate emergency we face. However, this pursuit cannot happen at the expense of human rights, including the loss of land, livelihoods and rights


Silenced Genocides

How can indigenous peoples survive the dismantling of public policies and rights acquired by decades of work in Brazil? This process, resulting from setbacks to democracy, as described by the authors, shows that this is an emergency situation. There is a need to seek alternatives and for


Peru: Deforestation in Times of Climate Change

This book comprises a total of 14 articles addressing the issue of deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon and its impacts, not only on the Amazonian environment and wildlife but particularly on the communities inhabiting the area. These impacts are being facilitated by informal dynamics for which


Adivasis and Their Forest

If we calculate all the risks, 90 million Adivasis are struggling for their survival, losing access to forests and suffering the gravest threat of being alienated from their forest lands and traditional habitations.

This book is an attempt to understand the relationship between Adivasis


Siberian fires having catastrophic effects on indigenous peoples and livelihoods

The world’s largest forest–the Siberian Taiga in Russia–has been on fire for most of 2019, destroying indigenous peoples' livelihoods.

While much of the world has focused on the fires raging in the Amazon, the world’s largest forest–the Siberian Taiga in Russia–has been on fire for most of 2019.

Since January this year, more than 130,000 square kilometres of land and forest—an area the size of Greece—has been burned in


En million oprindelige folks levegrundlag trues i Amazonas

Mens skovbrande fortsætter i Amazonas, går levegrundlaget for de omkring en million oprindelige folk op i røg. ”En forfærdelig situation for oprindelige folk i Amazonas” udtaler Julie Koch fra IWGIA, en danskbaseret organisation som arbejder for oprindelige folks rettigheder globalt, og uddyber


The faces of the fires

The indigenous peoples of Bolivia facing the fires and a new development model

The international press clearly showed how the fire swept through the Brazilian Amazon and Bolivian forests. The images of calcined trees and animals suffering from the voracity of the


Indigenous peoples protest in West Papua

“Monkey”, “pig”, “dog” – these words were shouted at a group of West Papuan students, who had been arrested and later released due to lack of evidence. They were accused of burning the Indonesian flag. This is the latest development in a more than 60-year struggle for the independence of West


Beyond Brazil: Who benefits from the fires in the Bolivian Amazon?

While the international community is focusing its attention on the advancing fires in Brazil, the reality is that the problem transcends the South American giant and is reflected in the nine Amazonian countries. Beneath the ashes, the fire has shown (once again), a conflict that specialists


Indigenous peoples’ rights key in stemming Amazon fires

Indigenous peoples in the Amazon rainforest are on the front line of defending themselves and their land from the rapidly spreading fires. A majority of the tens of thousands of fires are happening in Brazil, though fires are also raging in Bolivia where 10,000 km2 of forests (an


Greenland cannot be bought as it is not for sale

In August 2019, US President Mr Donald Trump expressed an interest in buying Greenland from Denmark. In an update on Facebook, IWGIA's Board Member and Inuit from Greenland, Sara Olsvig, explains why Greenland cannot be bought, and how Trump's apparent interest in Greenland is based on


IWGIA condemns killing of indigenous leader in Brazil

Waiãpi community / Facebook

Emyra Waiãpi, a 68-year-old indigenous leader, was stabbed to death last week as around 50 gold miners, a dozen of whom were heavily armed, entered the remote Waiãpi indigenous reserve in the northern Brazilian state of Amapá, which borders French Guiana, reported multiple Brazilian and


Outcome document from seminar on indigenous autonomy and self-government

To create a room for indigenous peoples to discuss and analyse their experiences around autonomy and self-government, the international seminar "Right to Autonomy and Indigenous Self-Government as a manifestation of the Right to Self-Determination of Indigenous Peoples" was held on March 11, 12


Rights defenders on the agenda at Global Landscapes Forum in Bonn

On 22-23 June 2019, rights holders and audiences from across the world will come together in Bonn to zoom in on the transformative role of rights and rights-based approaches for securing a more just, sustainable and prosperous future for all. IWGIA will be present and co-host an event focusing


Putla: A 75-year-old woman indigenous rights defender

The global rush for natural resources is one of the biggest threats against indigenous peoples’ as they often live in remote areas which are still rich on natural resources. Unfortunately, indigenous peoples are increasingly being criminalised – or even killed – when defending their rights. In


Landmark ruling provides compensation to indigenous peoples in Australia

In a landmark decision on 13 March 2019, the Australian High Court ordered the Government of the Northern Territory to pay $2.53 million AUD (1.78 million USD) in compensation to the Ngaliwurru and Nungali peoples for the loss of Native Title in the town of Timber Creek.

The Indigenous World 2019

Rising tensions between states and indigenous peoples are reaching a tipping point, and with an ever-shrinking civic space worldwide, the topics of criminalisation of Indigenous Rights Defenders’ activities and their organisations; land rights issues; and access to justice are more important


Indigenous peoples lives and their rights increasingly at risk

Press release: On 24 April 2019, at the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues in New York, IWGIA will release The Indigenous World 2019, an extensive, one-of-a-kind yearbook presenting a comprehensive, global overview of the developments indigenous peoples’ experience. 

Serious Deterioration of Human Rights and Indigenous Rights Conditions in Brazil

María Lourdes Alcántara, anthropologist and coordinator of the Guaraní Youth Support Group of Mato Grosso del Sur (GAPK / AJI) and Professor of medical anthropology in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of São Paulo, reflects on the main threats to indigenous communities in Brazil after


Los derechos de los pueblos indígenas a la autonomía y al autogobierno

En el mes de marzo de 2019 se lleva a cabo en la ciudad de México un seminario internacional sobre los avances de las autonomías indígenas a nivel global. Este encuentro es producto de los esfuerzos que han impulsado las organizaciones indígenas y los organizadores de este evento durante los


Millions of forest-dwelling indigenous peoples are facing eviction in India

A verdict from India’s Supreme Court has ordered 20 state governments to evict 1,5 million families living on forest land before the 24th of July. These families live in and around 500 wildlife sanctuaries and 90 national parks; but many live there sustainably and have protected the forests


Grave retroceso de los derechos humanos e indígenas en Brasil

María Lourdes Alcántara, antropóloga y coordinadora del Grupo de Apoyo a la juventud Guaraní de Mato Grosso del Sur (GAPK/AJI) y profesora de antropología medica en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de São Paulo, reflexiona sobre las principales amenazas para los pueblos indígenas en


La Nación Wampis – el primer gobierno indígena autónomo en Perú

Los pueblos indígenas del Amazonas peruano se unieron y crearon la Nación Wampis – un gobierno territorial autónomo – con el fin de defender su existencia frente a la creciente presión de las industrias extractivas. Su gobierno autónomo abarca aproximadamente un área del tamaño de un tercio de


Det grænseløse paradoks

I klimakampen er truede oprindelige folk vigtige for at beskytte os i industrilandene mod os selv

International Year of Indigenous Languages

At least 43 percent of the 7,000 languages spoken in the world today are endangered. Many of these belong to indigenous peoples and if something doesn't change soon, UNESCO predicts that we will lose as many as 3,000 indigenous languages by the end of this century. In an effort to raise public


Indigenous rights defenders at risk

Recent reports by UN experts and human rights organisations document an alarming increase in violent attacks against and criminalisation of indigenous peoples defending their rights to their traditional lands and natural resources.

New land law threatens millions of livelihoods in Myanmar

Millions of people may soon become trespassers on their own land due to a newly amended land use law in Myanmar. The Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Land Management Law covers almost a third of the country’s territory, most of which is located in traditional indigenous/ethnic areas. IWGIA is greatly


The Arhuacos’ last stand in the heights of Sierra Nevada

Indigenous communities’ livelihood in Colombia is threatened as they are struggling to keep their ancestral territory. The Arhuaco peoples have organised themselves and are making a last stand to prevent more mining concessions in their territory and create sustainable development.

Naturens sidste forsvarere trues til tavshed

I 2017 blev over 400 miljø- og menneskerettighedsforkæmpere dræbt og heraf er cirka halvdelen oprindelige folk. I anledning af IWGIA's 50års jubilæum sætter IWGIA's administrerende direktør Julie Koch fokus på den stigende kriminalisering af oprindelige folk.

50 år med at forsvare og promovere oprindelige folks rettigheder

2018 er året hvor International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) kan fejre 50 års jubilæum i vores forsvar af oprindelige folks rettigheder. På denne side kan du finde flere informationer af, hvad vi har opnået og hvilke trusler som oprindelige folk står overfor den dag i


50 years defending indigenous peoples' rights

This year the International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) celebrates 50 years of defending indigenous peoples' rights and we want to share with you some of the facts we are proud of and some of the issues that affect the world's 370 million indigenous peoples.

50 years defending indigenous peoples’ rights

On the occasion of IWGIA's 50 years jubilee, IWGIA's Executive Director, Julie Koch, looks at the past 50 years development for indigenous peoples' rights and points to the main issues and opportunities for indigenous peoples.


IWGIA - International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - er en global menneskerettigheds-organisation, der er dedikeret til at fremme, beskytte og forsvare oprindelige folks rettigheder.

Indigenous World

IWGIA's globale rapport, the Indigenous World, giver et overblik over situationen for oprindelige folk i hele verden. Download her.

Kontakt IWGIA

Prinsessegade 29 B, 3. sal
DK 1422 København 
Telefon: (+45) 53 73 28 30
E-mail: iwgia@iwgia.org
CVR: 81294410

Information: Vi bruger cookies og tilsvarende teknologier

Læs mere

Jeg accepterer